Too few women appointed to senior board roles despite progress
This year’s Female FTSE Report reveals that while the number of women being appointed to FTSE 100 boards has increased, few women are fulfilling senior roles on those boards.
The percentage of women holding FTSE 100 non-executive (NED) positions is at an all-time high of 33 per cent, but the percentage of women holding executive directorships remains low at just under 10 per cent, according to the report by academics at Cranfield School of Management and Exeter University Business School, sponsored by Aviva and the Government Equalities Office. This year, six women hold Chair positions and a further 14 hold senior independent directorships on the FTSE 100.
Since June 2016, the percentage of women on FTSE 250 boards has risen from 20.4 per cent to 22.8 per cent and 242 companies have at least one woman on their board. However, there are still very few women in executive directorships across FTSE 250 boards–38 in 2017, making 7.7 per cent, less than the 10 per cent on FTSE 100 boards.
Women account for just six of the CEO positions on FTSE 100 companies and 10 of the CEO positions on the FTSE 250, as of October 2017.
“While it is encouraging to see the significant increase in FTSE 100 non-executive director positions held by women over the past ten years, it is dispiriting to see that few of them move into senior roles. Just eight per cent of women hold senior positions on boards, compared to 34 per cent of male non-executive directors,” said Cranfield School of Management’s Professor Susan Vinnicombe, CBE.
The 2017 Female FTSE Report also reviews the board evaluation industry and their role in promoting gender balance in the boardroom, through a series of in-depth interviews with board evaluators. The Report adds significantly to the evidence base around the importance of diversity on boards and demonstrates the crucial role Chairs play in promoting diversity on boards.
"In our board evaluator study, the more sophisticated behaviourally-focused evaluations were extremely clear about the considerable benefits of a critical mass of diversity affecting boardroom behaviour, culture and effectiveness. They evidence this through the dynamics of better debate and decision-making. Our unique findings should encourage more Chairs to strive for, and more investors to insist on, maximising the benefits of a critical mass of boardroom diversity,” said Professor Ruth Sealy from University of Exeter Business School, who co-authored the report.
The report makes two recommendations: the Financial Reporting Council considers that disclosure in the Annual Report should include information on which type of external evaluation was undertaken, in addition to a summary of actions taken since the evaluation; and the board evaluation industry adopts minimum standards for reviews, in the form of a Code of Conduct, kitemark or other method by mutual agreement.
Writing in the foreword of the Female FTSE Report, Justine Greening, Secretary of State for Education and Minister for Women and Equalities said, “Cranfield continues to play an important part in the development of a robust evidence base underpinning the women on boards’ targets and analysing key trends, and I would like to thank them for their commitment to this agenda. As Cranfield researchers have found through their interviews with board evaluators, there is a strong case to be made for the positive differences women make to the behaviour, culture and performance of boards.”
Since 1999, the annual Female FTSE benchmarking report has provided a regular measure of the number of women executive directors on the corporate boards of the UK's top 100 companies. This year’s report was sponsored by Aviva.
Sarah Morris, Chief People Officer at Aviva, who sponsored this year’s Female FTSE Report said, “Insight drives change. The more we understand the barriers that have held back successive generations of women, the more easily, and quickly, we can overcome them. The insights from Cranfield’s research will help in this journey to promote diversity, unlock the vast amount of female talent and make positive social change.”