Monday 04, September 2017 by Jessica Combes

Nigerian Federal Government begins probe of contractors’ tax records


As part of efforts to improve tax compliance levels, the Federal Government of Nigeria has commenced reviewing the tax compliance records of all contractors who received payments from the Federal Government and its various agencies in the last seven years.

This follows the results of a sampling exercise conducted by the Ministry of Finance which found that less than 20 per cent of contractors reviewed accurately stated the income received from the Federal Government in their tax returns, whilst many made no declaration at all.

A prominent result of the sampling exercise showed that some Tax Clearance certificates which were presented at the point of contract award were found to have little bearing on the true value of business conducted by the contractors. However, the Minister assured that with the new multiagency, data driven approach, it would be far easier for tax authorities to cross check information provided in tax declarations and thereby ensure that the correct taxes were paid. The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRs), as part of its automation efforts, has already eliminated the issuance of handwritten tax clearance certificates and other reforms are ongoing.

The Ministry of Finance and Office of the Accountant General of the Federation are in the process of compiling detailed records of all payments exceeding NGN 100 million made in the last seven years including details of the beneficiary bank accounts and other details. All agencies have 30 days to return the information on payments made, and accounting officers are required to certify the accuracy of the data supplied. Deliberate omission or manipulation of data by accounting officers will attract penalties.

The initiative is part of the construction of a central data base of financial information being developed for use in tax compliance. The database project dubbed ‘Project Light House’ is aimed at building comprehensive profiles of tax payers using a wide range of available data sources, including BVN, foreign exchange allocations, land registry records, and information obtained from foreign governments. The data will be used to cross check information provided to the tax authorities.

Minister Kemi Adeosun stated that Nigeria’s low level of tax compliance was at variance with the collective desire to reduce dependence on oil and to become a prosperous nation that provides for all its citizens.

According to the Minister, “It was a matter of concern that those who earned money directly from Government, which is both traceable and verifiable, still failed to pay the correct taxes thereon.”

She urged such companies to take advantage of the concessions offered under the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme (VAIDS), adding that once an audit or investigation had commenced, a company or individual would not be able to stop that process by participating in VAIDS.

“VAIDS has now been open since July 1st and some applications have already been received. If the tax authorities reach a company before such company has applied for VAIDS, then the full audit process will be conducted. This could result in penalties, interest and prosecution. So companies and individuals who know they will be affected are urged to quickly take advantage of VAIDS”, she stated.


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