CIBAFI submits recommendations to BCBS on fintech
Recommendation to Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) discusses the implications of fintech developments for banks.
Aligned with its role as advocate of the Islamic Financial Services Industry (IFSI), the General Council for Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions (CIBAFI), the global umbrella of Islamic financial institutions, announced that it has submitted its comments on 31 October 2017 to the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) on the Consultative Document on “Sound practises: Implications of fintech developments for banks and bank supervisors”.
The Consultative Document has been issued on 31 August 2017 and was open for public consultation until 31 October 2017.
First, the Consultative Document sets out five scenarios for the way the banking industry may change, ranging from one in which existing banks adopt new technology to improve their services (but customer relationships remain essentially unchanged), to one in which banks become essentially irrelevant, as customers interact directly with individual financial services providers. CIBAFI believes that, while major banks in the most developed countries may be able to adapt to most of these scenarios, and will have themselves a role in determining which will occur, this is less obvious for smaller banks in less developed countries. Most Islamic banks are of this kind, and there are certainly challenges in the way they need to adapt their knowledge, and resources for such changes.Further support from bank supervisors would be welcome.
Second, the BCBS implicitly recognises that fintech firms may have a greater impact in some markets than others. The suggestion is that in less developed banking markets, and particularly where financial inclusion is relatively low, new entrants may be able to use technology to reach consumers who have no, or limited, existing banking relationships. However, although many Islamic banks operate in less developed and low financial inclusion markets, for Islamic banking in particular, the threat of new entrants is smaller due to the Shari'ah compliance requirements. It is thus an opportunity for Islamic banks to collaborate with fintech firms to enhance financial inclusion.
Third, the CD lays emphasis on the need to maintain Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) controls in fintech-enabled transactions, though it recognises the assistance that some new technologies, including artificial intelligence may offer. CIBAFI believes that the AML/CFT issues may be of greater importance to Islamic banks that intend to use fintech solutions, since many Islamic banks are in countries that are regarded as sensitive from an AML/CFT standpoint. The technology to manage AML/CFT will thus be particularly important to these banks.
In conclusion, CIBAFI highlighted that its members have pointed out that more comprehensive researches might be needed to assess the macro level effect of fintech, the effect on economy, financial stability, and the way the central banks may still influence the economy via the monetary and other policies. There may also be tax issues, including whether tax regimes provide incentives or disincentives for fintech firms. CIBAFI recognises therefour need to highlight the importance of such work to the attention of those who do have competence in these areas
In addition to policy and regulatory advocacy, CIBAFI continues to support the Islamic Financial Services Industry through various activities and initiatives. These include providing industry stakeholders with a platform to discuss emerging issues, representing the industry at major global financial events, and sharing knowledge through specialised publications and comprehensive training programmes.