Tunisia’s progressive women's right laws in MENA have not translated into increased economic opportunities
By ramping up their lending to female entrepreneurs, banks in Tunisia could dramatically increase their profits while also driving economic growth across the country, says a new report from IFC, a member of the World Bank Group.
The report, released today, found that women, who own about one-fifth of Tunisia's businesses, represent a vast untapped market for lenders. Despite that fact, many women now struggle to get financing for their firms. In fact, smaller businesses owned by women face a combined credit gap of $595 million, the study found. It revealed that if more women had access to credit, their firms would be better able to grow and create jobs.
"Women entrepreneurs are changing the landscape of the global economy, creating sustainable jobs and driving economic growth," said Georges Joseph Ghorra, IFC Resident Representative in Tunisia. "Extending financial services to them will create much-needed growth and jobs. For lenders, banking on women also makes commercial sense; female-owned businesses are a massive, untapped market that can help drive profitability.”
While Tunisia has some of the most progressive women's right laws in the Middle East and North Africa, that has not translated into increased economic opportunities, the report found. Women account for only about one-third of all employees and, on average, are paid about 15 percent less than their male colleagues.
The study found that if more women had access to credit, it could help level the gender playing field. Banks would also stand to benefit, tapping into a potentially lucrative market. Across MENA, the demand for financing from women-owned businesses, both large and small, is a massive $73 billion a year.
The report also found that women stay with their bank if it is serving them well and are more open to other products than men; women save more than men as both retail and business customers, and their deposits grow at a higher rate; and women-led SMEs outperform those led by men, and women are either the same or better than their male counterparts at paying back loans.
The report is part of a larger effort by IFC to support female entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa. A central part of that initiative is the Banking on Women programme, which is working with 29 banks around the world to support lending to women.